HOW TO BUILD A $9 RSTP VIDEO STREAMER: Using The ESP-32 CAM Board || Arduino IDE – DIY #14

We’ve previously used the ESP32-CAM board
to capture video and stored it on a microSD card. We’re now going to build a $9 video
streaming device that eliminates the need for a storage device. We know that video is nothing but a series
of well-timed images taken in sequence. Instead of saving these images to a storage device,
we will send them over a network to a client which will receive and display them. We will
be using the real time streaming protocol or RTSP for this sketch. The advantage of
having an RTSP stream is that the camera and storage locations are different. And this
means that even if the camera is stolen or damaged, you can still access the previous
videos if they were recorded to a hard disk for instance. However, if you do simply record
to the microSD card, then the video files will be lost if the camera is stolen or damaged. The sketch is based on the Micro-RTSP github
repository which allows you to create a video streamer that can either connect to an existing
WiFi network or that can create it’s own access point for you to connect to. There
were a couple of things that needed to be dealt with before it could work with the ESP32-CAM
board. There was no easy way for you to use it with the Arduino IDE as the repository
is created for PlatformIO. It also could not recognize the camera module contained within
the ESP32-CAM board as the pin configurations were different. Lastly, the access point was
unreliable and often caused a kernel panic which rebooted the board. This appears to
be a common bug that is corrected by changing the access point initialization command sequence. Start by downloading and opening the sketch
in the Arduino IDE. By default, it will try to connect to a WiFi network so make sure
you specify your network credentials. I’ve added the camera pins file which contains
with pin configuration for various supported boards. The main sketch also contains the
camera selection and configuration. This sketch has only been tested with the ESP32-CAM board
as that’s the most popular one that’s used for projects like this one. You do not
need to change anything and you can simply upload the sketch to your board. Start by
connecting the board as shown here and press the reset button to put it into the download
mode. You should receive a message like this on the serial terminal. Hit the upload button
and wait for it to complete. Remove the download jumper and press the reset button. The board
will try to establish a network connection and it will print the status along with the
stream link. The correct way for you to view the stream
is by using a client like VLC. So download and open VLC. Select the open network option
from the file menu and then type in or copy the stream link and hit open. Give it few
seconds and you should be able to view the stream in VLC. Also note that you can type
in the IP address into a web browser and obtain the stream. I suspect that this is not technically
the actual RTSP stream but simply the JPEG images which gives you the same effect. In order to use the streamer in a standalone,
access point mode, you will have to uncomment the SOFTAP_MODE statement in the sketch. As
mentioned earlier, the access point mode was unreliable and I used to keep getting errors
like this every time I tried connecting to it. Apparently, this is a common problem that
is solved by changing this section in the sketch. In the original sketch, the softAPConfig
function was called before the softAP function and there was no delay between the two. Again, there’s no need to change anything
in the sketch. If you want to, you can change the default password that will be used to
connect to the access point. Once done, put the board in the download mode, and upload
the code to it. Remove the jumper and press the reset button. The serial terminal will
print the status and it will also give you a stream link. You can use your smartphone
to connect to the access point and you can then type in the IP address into a web browser
to view the stream or images. You can also use a computer to connect to the access point
and use the link in VLC to view the stream. I’ll be using this model from Thingiverse,
which will serve as the enclosure. You can solder some wires to a microUSB breakout board
and solder them to the 5V power pins on the ESP32-CAM board. Slide the board in place
and use some hot glue to hold the microUSB board in position. I plugged in a microUSB
cable to ensure that the port is aligned correctly. Finally attach the back cover and mount it
on the stand. The model also has different options for the stand so do take a look to
see which one works best for you. And that’s how you can build a wireless video streamer
using the ESP32-CAM board. Don’t forget to like, share and subscribe as I’ve recently
starting posting videos like this one and your support will help massively with the
YouTube algorithm. Thank you for watching, and I will see you in the next one!

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