The history of Nigeria explained in 6 minutes (3,000 Years of Nigerian history)

Nigeria the most populous nation in Africa with nearly 200 million people a variety of spoken languages including the third largest english-speaking population on earth has a long history stretching back to the oldest identified civilization in West Africa known today is the NACA culture they were master sculptors in a variety of materials ranging from terracotta to bronze the Nok were centuries ahead of their neighbors and were smelting iron weapons by at least 550 BC and perhaps as early as 1000 BC this enabled the nock to hold influence over an area north east of the Niger River as large as modern-day France although little is known about the nock their trade routes exporting bronze and gold reached all the way to Western Europe unfortunately since the 1970s there has been a large amount of leading of nock sites in the 1990s some crews employed over a thousand diggers each day with nock sculpture showing up in Europe the u.s. and Japan the nock disappeared as mysteriously as they arrived however their knowledge and sophisticated metallurgy and mining techniques would be passed down the successor civilizations the powerful arroba city of EFA would perfect casting techniques creating realistic portraits of their nobles and leaders that have survived till today the sophisticated level of realism captured in metal not seen since the classical world would not be matched elsewhere until the Italian Renaissance affair was ruled by oniy a line of divine kings said to be descended from a god the last prince of the Yoruba city of FA would found the OEO kingdom that reached its height around 1400 and maintained long-distance trading routes protected by the kingdom's formidable cavalry force to the southwest the Edo people of the Empire of Benin would also learn metallurgy techniques from the FA and constructed one of the most impressive feats of engineering and the largest earthenware structure ever erected the walls of Benin which enclosed an area of over 2,500 square miles in all over 9,000 miles of walls comprised this mecha structure combined with their formidable military it is no wonder why the Kingdom of Benin was incredibly stable and prosperous over such a long period of time to the north of eddo according to legend was a kingdom ruled over by a line of female Queens one of whom married an adventuring hero from Baghdad in modern-day Iraq their sons would rule over a collection of powerful city-states over the centuries Housel and would unite for short periods of time however squabbling and intrigue was the norm throughout this period they maintained amicable relations with the Mali Empire their economic competitor to the northwest for many Islamic clerics migrated from to join the courts of the Islamic urban elite of the house of kingdoms the Igbo kingdom of dream was ruled by a priest king and expanded its territory through sending converts to spread their faith in surrounding cities and towns the kingdom reached his furthest extent between eleven and fourteen hundred encroached upon by the rise of benin and later the atlantic slave trade it appears to have maintained its authority well into the 16th century and remnants of the religious hierarchy persisted until the establishment of colonial nigeria jookin an ekala were two other formidable kingdoms that arose in the 14th century and by the 16th Pig Allah was waging war on the kingdom of Ponemah challenging their longtime supremacy and commercial trade in the region and what their arrival of the Portuguese became involved in the inception of the transatlantic slave trade from the 1500s through 1800s many of the kingdoms in this region became extremely wealthy through the trade in precious metals and slaves however as the abolishment of the slave trade became widespread throughout the Western world their fortunes began to stagnate in 1804 the Sokoto Caliphate would conquer and unite the house of kingdoms at its height the Caliphate linked over 30 different emirates and was populated by over 10 million people forming the most powerful state in the region in his conquest it captured approximately two and a half million non-muslim slaves whom they put to work in large plantations and heavily incentivized to convert to a more comfortable life in 1851 under the pretext of ending the slave trade in the kingdom of Lagos the British bombarded the city and installed a ruler they favored 10 years later they annexed the city in 1861 establishing the crown colony of Lagos Lagos has been a prosperous commercial center of since the Royal Niger company was established in 1879 to administer the region and by 1900 had conquered all southern Nigeria destroying much of the fabled walls of Benin the company was disestablished that same year the protectorate of southern Nigeria was established and the conquest of the Sokoto Empire began in 1900 and by 1903 all of modern-day Nigeria was under British control the colony and Protectorate of Nigeria lasted for 46 years and was governed through a system called indirect rule for regional Amir's and local rulers were given wide Authority as long as the colonial government was allowed to conduct its business and gather taxation in 1960 the First Republic of Nigeria obtained its independence from the British Empire which was weakened after fighting the Second World War in 1967 the Republic of Ifrah was declared in the southeast of Nigeria fueled by the persecution of the Igbo living in northern Nigeria and control over the lucrative oil production in the Niger Delta played a major role in fueling this conflict that's all over a hundred and fifty thousand soldiers killed and millions displaced the civil war initiated a series of military leaders of Nigeria lasting after the civil war had ended with the United Nigeria following the assassination of general Murtala Mohammed his successor initiated a process of disestablishing military rule and bringing back a republic this Republic was short-lived lasting from 1979 to 1983 when it was overthrown again after eight years of rule by General Ibrahim he reestablished a democracy that lasted for less than a year which was overthrown by general Sani Abacha Abacha died mysteriously and was buried without an op Topsy his successor again re-established a democracy that has lasted till a current day this has been Epimetheus and i hope you enjoyed that overview of Nigerian history don't forget to like hit the bell icon to get notifications every time I make a new video and subscribe

44 Replies to “The history of Nigeria explained in 6 minutes (3,000 Years of Nigerian history)”

  1. Nok people were taught by someone how to make bronze ….. who taught them? About materials that can be used for certain things like dyes and metals?

  2. In 2013 I had the opportunity to travel in Nigeria. We were in Abuja, Yola, and Jada. It was a truly mind opening experience. I love all of the people I met there and hope to someday return. I do wish that in your video here, you might have given some more of the city state names and locations, to help give the current landscape more context.

  3. Biafra must go ,UN should do something,war preparations are on his way,Don’t let history repeat itself

  4. He skipped over the influence of Enugu, Aro and Igbo as a whole. Igbo story is bigger than the Biafra story.

  5. The Igala people wedged war against the Edo/Benin Kingdom and failed the Oyo empire wedged war against the Benin Kingdom and also failed and they both failed countlessly there is a popular town named after a Benin Queen queen Idia after she and her son OBA Esigie defeated the Ita Ida of Igala, and years later the Igala people were been threatened by the indigenes from North and the Ita Ida which is their kind asked for help from the Benin Kingdom the Queen and her son sent troops of soldiers along with her son to the war they defeated the northern intruders and in appropriations the Ita Ida of the Igala named a town after the Queen of Benin Kingdom Queen IDIA, #dontTwistHistory. and may I also remind you that the Oyo empire was established in the 12th century while the Benin Kingdom was already an established Kingdom before the Oyo empire

  6. You mean the Edo/Benin people learnt how to make art and bronze from Ife? You must be sick very very very sick

  7. Make no mistake about it, there were many riches, wonders and treasures all over western Africa at the turn of the 19th century. However in less than a century British and French Warships, along with other European treasure hunters looted and destroyed almost everything of worth in that region. That's why today western Africa has a reputation today for being underdeveloped, tribal and primative when in reality it's civilisation is as grand and complex as any other ancient civilisation. Great video.

  8. Nice video but you forgot to mention the Kanem-bornu and ijwa empire. Very important in Nigeria's history.

  9. If Nigerians wrestle Terrorism and Corruption, they will become a super power.
    But I don't see the West OR the middle East letting this happen.

  10. My name is Babatunde Omokoku – Yoruba Tribe 🇳🇬 . My Mom is Trini 🇹🇹. Btw Lagos is pronounced : Lay – go ‘s

  11. A great concise history of the country that is now called Nigeria. One small but major correction here. Lagos in modern times is NOT pronounced Lah-goos. That's the Portuguese pronunciation for the word lake. There is a city in Portugal with the same name. Once the British came they Anglocised it and it has been pronounced LAY-goos ever since. This is city and state is often pronounced wrongly by Western media especially Hollywood and American world news reports. You would never hear a Nigerian and certainly not a Yoruba pronounce it the way it's pronounced in this video.

  12. Wonderful short history of Nigeria, it is amazing how many Nigerian kingdoms lasted from 500 to 1000 years. The British only colonized Nigeria for 45 years.

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