Top 5 Mysterious Unsolved Events In History – Part 3

Well guys, it seems that these dusty old scrolls
need a good old dusting–because whilst it’s been a while–thankfully for us, the many
mysteries of ancient history are once again getting a look in over here at Top 5 Scary
Videos. Truth be told, for me, ancient history is
one of the most fascinating modicums of knowledge–albeit a knowledge that will most likely remain hidden
for all of eternity. But hey–that’s why these mysteries are
so damn interesting, right? The thing is, over two parts of this series,
we’ve managed to highlight quite a few contemporary mysteries that have otherwise left humanity
scratching their heads–but I think we can go one deeper. I think we can go back even further than before. Let’s find out. Hello horror fans, what’s going on, and
once again welcome back to the scariest channel on YouTube–Top 5 Scary Videos. As per usual, I’ll be your horror host Jack
Finch–as today, we curiously take a look at the Top 5 Most Mysterious Unsolved Events
In History–Part 3. Roll the clip. For the curious amongst you, of course–that
scene was from 2012’s Prometheus–which although it got a bit of flak on release–is
an awesome movie, and I loved it. On that theme–if we’re going to be talking
about unsolved events in ancient history–we may as well begin the whole thing by visually
depicting the fictional origin of all life in the universe–xenomorphs and necromorphs
included. Because, eh–why not, right? Ancient Aliens and all that, it’s probably
the best explanation for quite a few of the items on this list to be honest. SO let’s find out. Kicking off at Number 5–Stone Tongue Which–again, is a pretty damn awesome name
for a death metal band, right? But–if you’re a fan of this series, you’ll
already know that lists like these are literal golden skull mines for naming yourselves in
all your death metal glory–so, metalheads looking for a band name. Take note, please. And also, thank me later. Anyway. Stone Tongue! Let’s first cast our gaze back to 1991–in
Northamptonshire, Britain–where archaeologists discovered a gruesome and even stranger mutilation
that emerged from the remains of Roman Britain. Now, it’s no hidden secret that Britain
is littered with instances of intrigue from the Roman Occupation of Britain–but this
one in particular, seemingly, doesn’t fit any sort of logic–or any of the many other
mysteries of Ancient Britain. At the bottom of a burial pit–buried beneath
dozens of other bodies–archaeologists found the skeleton of a man whose tongue had apparently
been amputated, and instead replaced with a flat stone, wedged into his mouth. The burial site, at Stanwick, near the River
Nene–dates back from between the third or fourth centuries–where people in Roman Britain
would have congregated in small farming communities. Now, it’s certainly not rare to find makeshift
burial pits in Roman Britain–in fact, there’ a dime a dozen–but the strange thing was,
this guy was buried at the bottom. Face down. And not only was he buried face down–which
would usually indicate some sort of fear of him by the community–but his tongue was cut
out and replaced with a stone. As researchers noted–this was something that
just hasn’t ever been identified as a practice so far in archaeological records. There are no other known occurrences of this
ever happening in Roman Britain–so far anyway–and the fact that this was on top of the matter
of him being buried face down. Well, who the hell was he? It is believed that the man would have been
in his 30s at the time of his death–and one theory is that he had mental health issues,
and was actually responsible for severing his own tongue. Perhaps the tongue was the community symbolically
making him whole again. But then–why was he buried face down? Now, archaeologists are currently trying to
correlate this practice to Ancient Germanic Laws–but it’s place in a small farming community
in Roman Britain–remains a complete and utter mystery. Swinging in at Number 4–Khatt Shebib And I absolutely love this one–as well as
pretty much all of the next few entries–because nothing gets my mind wiring quite like an
ancient structure that no one knows what the hell it is or what it was doing–or why it
was even there. Let me introduce you to The Khatt Shebib–an
ancient wall in Southern Jordan, that since its identification by British Diplomat Sir
Alec Kirkbride back in 1948–has had archaeologists scratching their heads ever since. I say identification, because Kirkbride certainly
didn’t discover this structure per say–but instead, he noticed that whilst he was flying
over Jordan–there was a very apparent, and very clear line across the geographical landscape. A wall, in fact–that ran 150 kilometers–making
in the longest linear archaeological site in Jordan. Now, why would anyone build a wall of such
length? Now, the Romans had reason to with the Picts–Ancient
China had reason to with Ghenghis Khan. But Khatt Shebib? What’s that all about? The thing is though, whilst the purpose of
this wall is the frantic subject of debate–we *do* know who built it. The Semi-nomadic Bedouin People–led by the
Arab Prince Amir Shebib. Historically, there is a certain recognition
of the Bedouin people using the wall–but there is still no concrete evidence to determine
its purpose. Archaeologists during the 1940s and 1950s
argued that the Khatt Shebib was used for military and defence purposes. However, there is a clear problem with that
assumption. This wall is far too low for it to have ever
been a successful defensive mechanism. And although it *is* massive in length–at
best estimates, it stood at around just a meter and a half high. What was it keeping out, not a lot. So then, why have archaeologists also discovered
over 100 ruined towers across it’s span? Yeah. More and more questions. Oh, and also, did I mention that best estimates
point toward it being built in the Iron Age? Yeah. Khatt Shebib, everybody. A mystery. Next up at Number 3–The Golan Structure Alright guys–if Khatt Shebib had you scratching
your head–then the Golan Structure is going to require some form of head-scratching machinery. Let me introduce you to The Golan Structure,
also known as Rujm el-Hiri, an ancient megalithic monument that resides in the Israeli-occupied
portion of Golan Heights–just off the east coast of the Sea of Galilee. Made up of more than 42 thousands basalt rocks
arranged in concentric circles–with a mound that is 15 foot tall at its center–The Golan
Structure has often been referred to as The Stonehenge of the Levant. Why? Well–of course, because it dates back to
at *least* the Early Bronze Age–to between 3000 and 2700 BCE. So what is it? Who built it? What purpose did it serve? Yeah. That’ll be a *we don’t have a frickin’
clue* on pretty much all of those points. The outermost wall of this structure is 520
feet in diameter and 8 feet high–and since archaeological excavations have thus far yielded
very few material remains, most Israeli archaeologists that this site was certainly not of a defensive
position, or a residential quarter–but most likely, as the vast majority of these enigmas
are–a ritual center. And not only that–but a ritual center that
is possible linked to the Cult of the Dead. But–on that note, there’s even more of
a mystery–because so far, no human remains have been found at the site, only objects
pointing to its function as some kind of tomb. And also… hold on to your hats guys–because
it gets weirder. At the centre of The Golan Structure, the
actual entrance to a tomb was discovered–one that, during the June and December Solstices–it’s
axis is perfectly aligned. Yeah. More questions, fewer answers. The thing is though, as it’s namesake as
the Stonehenge of the Levant–no other structures of it’s kind have ever been discovered–which
is even more of a head scratcher, considering the fact that in Ancient Britain, as well
as South America–structures like this are pretty common. Some believe that it’s purpose was to worship
Tammuz and Ishtar, the Ancient Mesopotamian gods of fertility. Others suggest that it was used by the Dakhmas
of the Zoroastrians to lay out their dead–and let the birds remove the flesh from their
bones. Some say that it was a calendar–or a site
built to observe the constellations for religious calculations. Maybe it was all of these things, at some
point in time. As it remains, we may never know. Coming in at Number 2–The Great Lakes Copper
Mystery Oh boy. Here we go. If you’re not already feeling perplexed
at the mysteries of the ancient world–then I’m fairly certain that this one will knock
your metaphorical socks off. In the wilds of Michigan’s Isle Royale National
Park–it remains a beautiful and remote location–but thousands of years ago–the island was home
to a thriving mining industry. Yes. Mining. The rich veins of copper that ripple through
the sites bedrock certainly drew the attention of the early Native Americans–and the fact
that they diligently used this ore to make tools and jewelry is evident still–but the
actual extent of their operation remains a complete and utter mystery. Why? Well, because around 6 and a half thousand
years ago–there is clear and startling evidence to suggest that roughly 500 thousand tons
of copper was mined from the land. Five hundred thousand tons of copper–which,
simply put–is staggering. Now, the Copper Culture Complex is an astounding
feat of ancient civilization regardless–but here is where our mystery takes another turn. You know why? Because Michigan Copper is some of the purest
copper on the planet. And 500 thousand tons of it? Well–frankly put. There should be more evidence of its use throughout
the Midwest. Now, I’m going to take a little bit of a
leap here–and I’m going to point us toward another Ancient Mystery. One that occured off the coast of Turkey roughly
around the 14th century BC. A shipwreck that was discovered just offo
the east shore of Uluburun–discovered by a sponge diver back in 1982. Now, the Uluburun Shipwreck is a bit of a
mystery in and of itself, but it’s with the content of it’s cargo that we’re concerned
with here. Within the hull of the shipwreck, over 10
tons of copper oxhide ingots were discovered. Now, oxhide ingots, which are named so down
to the fact that they are shaped with rectangular handholds on either side, were relatively
common in the late bronze age period of the Mediterranean Sea. But you know what is weird? Testing on these ingots later discovered that
they were extraordinarily pure for others of its kind. In fact, more than 99.5% pure. The oxhides were brittle blister copper–with
voids and slag bits that only occur when multiple pourings were made outdoors over wood fires. There is only one type of ore of this purity. Michigan Copper–the kind mined over 6 and
a half thousand years ago in the Copper Culture Complex of North America. Yeah. Beats me guys. And finally, coming in at our number 1 spot–The
Ness of Brodgar And I absolutely adore this particular neolithic
mystery–and at the moment, this is pretty much my direct inspiration for scholarly study
of the ancient world. Now, we’ve covered this area quite a few
times on this channel–and if you’d like to find out more about places like Skara Brae–the
ancient site discovered on the Orkney Isles of Northern Scotland–then please check out
our Scottish History list–and also, you know, do you own discovering because Neolithic Orkney
is absolutely amazing. But–there’s another place that is even
more remarkable than Skara Brae. The Ness of Brodgar–perhaps one of the most
important discoveries in archaeological record depicting what the hell was going on during
the Neolithic Period of Ancient Britain. Back in 2003, in a site that occupies the
central position with the Orkney archipelago, that lies between the Lochs of Stenness and
Harray–an imposing complex of monuments were discovered. A series of structures that seemingly were
of pivotal importance to Neolithic Orcadians–and perhaps even further afield–perhaps even
the whole of Ancient Britain. The site itself, which lies between the already
discovered Ring of Brodgar–a neolithic stone circle that has its own mysteries–as well
as the equally mysterious Stones of Stenness–dates back to at least 3300 BC. As of 2016, 14 structures have been discovered–with
many of them being built on top of each other–suggesting perhaps an even older use of this site–and
a location of incredible importance to the Neolithic People of Ancient Britain. Without a doubt though, the most impressive
structure–known as Structure 10–which appears to be a neolithic pyramid–is even more of
a head scratcher. Yeah, I just said neolithic pyramid. Around this site, which was used prolifically
up until around 2200 BCE, after which it abruptly stopped–archaeologists have discovered the
bones of approximately 400 cattle–around which, the carcasses of several red deer were
placed–with many of their tibia bones being cracked and extracted for marrow–suggesting
the site of a feast. Do you know what’s weirder though? During this event–there is also evidence
of the temple being largely destroyed–brick by brick. Seemingly, for some reason–the neolithic
Orcadians built this site as a place of incredible importance, used it for a thousand years–and
then one day, through a party–and tore the whole thing down. I have no idea guys. But–most importantly–I want to know. Well, there we have it folks–our list for
the Top 5 Mysterious Unsolved Events In History–Part 3. What do you guys think? Do you agree? Disagree? Have any more to add to this list? Then please, let us know your thoughts down
in the comment section below, as well as any choice picks of your own. Before we depart from today’s video though,
let’s first take a quick look at some of your more creative comments from over the
past few days. Ken Gostchock says– Jack, I absolutely love this channel and your
energetic narration. If you haven’t seen it yet, I STRONGLY advise
you watch They Remain. It is an atmospheric cosmic horror thrill
to experience. — Well Ken, thank you kindly. And no, I’m aware of that movie, but I actually
haven’t sat through it yet–but given your recommendation. I better get to it. That goes for all of you! Well, on that note–we’ve got some movies
to watch–and unfortunately that’s all we’ve got time for in today’s video. Cheers for sticking around all the way until
the end

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